Biotechnology

Using three-dimensional X-ray technology to detect illegal wildlife trade

Frontiers in conservation science (2022). DOI: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.757950″ width=”800″ height=”438″/>

An example of segmentation using scanned wildlife CT images to develop a grayscale algorithm. Color 3D images are used for visualization purposes only; image segmentations are calculated directly from the reconstructed grayscale radiodensity values. (A) Australian water dragon (Intellagama lesueurii) under a metal pan, (B) Barramundi fish (Lates calcarifer) in a mock test bag with a metal toy car, sock and water bottle, (C) Rainbow lory parrot (Trichoglossus moluccanus) more on a three-liter bottle of water. credit: Frontiers in conservation science (2022). DOI: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.757950

The paper, titled Detecting Illegal Wildlife Trafficking Using Real-Time Tomography, 3D X-ray Imaging, and Automated Algorithms, is published in Frontiers in conservation scienceis the first paper in the scientific literature on the use of 3D X-ray CT technology for wildlife conservation.


This research is the result of identifying and maintaining agencies; The Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), the Department of Climate Change, Energy, Environment and Water Resources (DCCEEW), Rapiscan Systems and the Australian Taronga Conservation Society are joining forces to combat illegal smuggling living nature through the mail and baggage routes.

DAFF’s Biosecurity and Compliance Group Deputy Secretary Chris Locke and DCCEEW’s Acting Assistant Secretary for Environmental Conservation Sam Hush said the paper, published in the Frontiers in Conservation Science Human-Wildlife Interactions Journal, presented findings for three classes of wildlife ( i.e. lizards, birds and fish) in 3D X-ray CT images.

“Illegal wildlife trade poses a significant threat to Australia’s biosecurity as it can introduce pests and diseases that can affect the environment as well as humans and animal health” said Dr. Locke.

“This paper demonstrates the limitless potential of the 3D X-ray algorithm to help stop the exotic wildlife trade, protecting Australia’s agricultural industry and unique natural environment from exotic pests and diseases.

“This innovative technology is an invaluable complementary platform to our existing biosecurity and wildlife detection tools at Australia’s international borders, with potential global applications in the future.”

Mr Hush said the wildlife trade was also damaging Australia’s biodiversity.

“Taking animals from the wild poses a risk to the survival of the species, local populationhabitats and ecosystems and ending the wildlife trade to Australia protects our unique nature environment from exotic pests and diseases,” Mr Hash said.

“It’s also extremely brutal. Smuggled animals often suffer from stress, dehydration or starvation, and many die in transit.

“We are working with DAFF to test and validate 3D wildlife x-rays and algorithms that have proven to be very effective and can help lead to a number of important discoveries.”


US influence on the illegal pet trade in Australia


Additional information:
Vanessa Pirotta et al., Detecting Illegal Wildlife Trafficking Using Real-Time Tomography, 3D X-ray Imaging, and Automated Algorithms, Frontiers in conservation science (2022). DOI: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.757950

Courtesy of the Australian Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry

Citation: Using 3D X-ray Technology to Detect Illegal Wildlife Trade (2022, September 23) Retrieved September 23, 2022, from https://phys.org/news/2022-09-3d-x-ray-technology-illegal -wildlife .html

This document is subject to copyright. Except in good faith for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without written permission. The content is provided for informational purposes only.



https://phys.org/news/2022-09-3d-x-ray-technology-illegal-wildlife.html Using three-dimensional X-ray technology to detect illegal wildlife trade

Back to top button