USDA breaks down dairy trends for 20 years
A new USDA report examines how the dairy industry has become more efficient as it has strengthened over the past 20 years.
The Economic Research Service says that between 2000 and 2020, milk production per cow in the United States increased by more than 1.5% nationally, with significant variations between states. Conventional dairy products also had higher gains than organic ones.
In 2002, more than 73,700 dairy farmers in the United States milked less than 100 cows. By 2017, that number had dropped to about 40,500.
Herds milking more than 1,000 cows at that time increased by almost 700 to less than 2,000 operations. The largest herds produce more than 60 percent of total US milk production, while the smallest account for less than four percent.
Dairy cash receipts in 2019 were the highest cash receipts of any other agricultural product in several states, including California, Wisconsin and Michigan.
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