Before talking about the different options Sesna 208 Caravan, let’s look at the aircraft first and see how it came to be. The idea was to build a leak-free single-engine engine turboprop which can carry a large payload and be used for many purposes. The plane had to be single Pratt and Whitney Canada PT6A turboprop in tractor configuration. This refers to an aircraft with the engine mounted with the propeller in front of it.
The plane had to have a high wing and a stationary three-wheel landing gear, which could be equipped with skis or floats. It had to be large enough to accommodate two pilots and nine passengers or carry a large payload or cargo. The prototype Cessna 208 took to the skies on December 9, 1982 and was certified Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) just under two years later. By request, Federal Express (FedEx) without windows cargo ship a version of the aircraft called “Kargomaster” went into production.
Cessna 208 Caravan variants
The first production variant was equipped with a Pratt & Whitney PT6A-114 turboprop engine and could accommodate nine passengers. The land version of the aircraft was approved on October 23, 1984, and the amphibious seaplane on March 26, 1986. Early model aircraft can be upgraded with more powerful PT6A-114 turboprop engines, but have operational limitations.
Cessna 208 Caravan 675
This was the marketing designation for the 208, which featured the more powerful PT6A-114A engine.
Cessna 208 Cargomaster
Based on the original Cessna 208 Caravan, the 208A Cargomaster is a windowless version of the original aircraft designed exclusively for cargo.
208B Great Caravan
Four feet longer than the original Cessna 208 Caravan, the 208B Grand Caravan is powered by the PT6A-114A engine. It was originally certified as a cargo aircraft on 9 October 1986 and as an 11-seat passenger aircraft on 13 December 1989.
208B Caravan EX
The 208B Grand Caravan EX was equipped with a more powerful 867 hp Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-140 engine. A new engine developed by Pratt & Whitney specifically for the Cessna 208 increased the rate of climb by 38%. The 208B Grand Caravan EX received its airworthiness certificate in December 2012.
208B Super Cargomaster
The 208B Super Cargomaster is the marketing name for the cargo variant of the 208B series, of which FedEx purchased 260 aircraft.
Cessna Grand Caravan EX Amphibian. Photo: Cessna
Equipped with floats with retractable landing gear, the Cessna 208 Caravan Amphibian could land on water and land.
Military Cessna 208s
The US Department of Defense designated the Cessna 208 Caravan as the U-27A
US Department of Defense designation for a proposed variant to be used by the United States Army in El Salvador and Nicaragua during the 1980s.
Brazilian Air Force designation for the standard U-27.
AC-208 Combat Caravan
Combat version of the Cessna 208 Caravan, equipped with high-precision Hellfire air-to-surface missiles. The aircraft made its combat debut in January 2014, when the Iraqi Air Force used it to attack insurgents in Anbar province. Other combat versions were sold to the Lebanese Air Force. Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania and Niger hope to purchase the AC-208 as part of the Foreign Military Sales Program.
The MC-208 Guardian multi-role aircraft is capable of aerial surveillance, close air support and medical evacuation.
Electric Cessna 208 Caravan
electronic caravan. Photo: magniX
While electric powered aircraft may be the future of flight, the mass and weight of the batteries is a problem. Looking for a solution to find MagniX of Everett, WA who converted a Cessna 208 Caravan for electric powered flight. The eCaravan they developed can fly 100 miles, and the turboprop caravan powered by aviation fuel can fly 1,500 miles.
https://simpleflying.com/cessna-208-caravan-variants-guide/ A quick guide to the different Cessna 208 Caravan options